Why would a straight couple want a civil partnership over a marriage?

Bride and groom figurines, June 2012 by David Precious

When the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act passed in 2013 the issue of whether straight people should be allowed to enter into a civil partnership was quietly left to one side.

Given that civil partnerships were brought in by Tony Blair’s government in part to avoid having to call gay marriage “marriage”, it is understandable that many felt straight couples would have no need for the newfangled contract.

Yet this week Rebecca Steinfeld and Charles Keidan will dispute the government’s ban on straight civil partnerships in the Royal Courts of Justice, arguing that the discrimination breaches their rights to family life.

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Oliver Letwin’s memo was a Thatcherite document, not a racist one

Oliver Letwin, September 2013 by Policy Exchange

The annual cache of old Whitehall documents provides much-need rations for the starving press over the quiet weeks around Christmas and New Year, and this year a memo from 1985 concerning race riots is proving particularly nourishing.

On the menu is Oliver Letwin, current chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (a trust fund for Lizzie Windsor) and former policy wonk in the Tory government of Margaret Thatcher, for penning a memo in November 1985 on the social malaise in inner cities that led to riots in Tottenham and Brixton.

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The Department for Education might allow Christian propaganda, but it doesn’t demand it

Leamington Church, February 2014 by barnyz

Much hullabaloo erupted on Monday over the education secretary Nicky Morgan’s policy update on religious teaching in schools, which swatted atheists aside whilst pushing Christianity to the fore.

Morgan was forced to revise the policy following a court ruling in November that found atheism, humanism and other non-religious views were being excluded unlawfully from the religious studies curriculum at GCSE level.

The resultant updates have since led to some amusing headlines from newspapers both sympathetic and hostile to faith-heads, which on first sight would lead one to believe the Tories are launching some mass Christian propaganda exercise.

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Hilarious ‘Keep Fits’ video seeks to save clean energy subsidies from Tory cuts

Whilst a potential nuclear deal with China has put energy back on the agenda of British politics, campaigners for cleaner forms of energy are protesting changes to existing policy by making bizarre YouTube clips.

Backed by the climate group 10:10, KeepFITS is a bid to prop up the feed-in tariffs subsidy that makes small projects involving solar, wind and other forms of clean energy more achievable.

Currently the Tory government is considering cutting the subsidy or abolishing it, and 10:10 argues that solar energy is widely popular among the British public and that it could be sustainable without the subsidy within several years.

Further information on the campaign can be found in the infographic below, or on the campaign website. Unfortunately the consultation on the government’s proposals ends at 11:45 on Friday, so you had better move fast.

KeepFits Infographic

Image Credit – Wind Farm off Cromer, November 2013 by Martin Cooper

Theresa May demands more diverse police force, but does it actually matter?

Edinburgh Police, April 1911 by Bruce R

“Sweeping claims for the benefits of demographic and cultural diversity have prevailed without a speck of evidence being asked for or given.” – Thomas Sowell, Intellectuals and Race

Theresa May, the home secretary and staunch but useless opponent of immigration, will on Thursday scold police for not doing enough to increase the diversity of their local forces.

Changing institutions to more accurately represent the demographics of the places they represent has in recent years become a popular task, but often it is merely asserted that “diversity” is a good thing without providing the evidence to back it up.

As such in a speech today Jackboot May will say:

“Increasing diversity in our police forces is not an optional extra. It goes right to the heart of this country’s historic principle of policing by consent. We must ensure that the public have trust and confidence in the police, and that the police reflect the communities they serve.”

“Policing by consent”, as the Home Office itself noted in December 2012, “refers to the power of the police coming from the common consent of the public, as opposed to the power of the state.”

How this applies to towns diced up into different ethnic enclaves is not exactly clear, but one might well assume that just as “no individual can chose to withdraw his or her consent from the police, or from a law”, the same might well apply to different groups in a multicultural society.

(Aside: One should always question when the word “community” is used whether it reflects a reality or an aspiration. More often than not, it is the latter.)

But all that said, the problem with May’s lauding of diversity is that there is evidence that recruiting non-whites into police roles does not necessarily lead to “consent” from particular ethnic groups.

Eli Silverman, a professor at New York’s John Jay College of Criminal Justice, told Fusion that captain Ron Johnson, a black copper called into Ferguson in the US after the race riots, was branded an “Uncle Tom” by locals, “a puppet doing the white man’s bidding.

No doubt this made him a less than effective ambassador between the disenfranchised blacks in Ferguson and their largely white police force.

It is also not entirely the fault of police forces that they remain more white than the regional population, since recruiting from ethnic groups with low levels of trust in the police is clearly harder than recruiting from ones with high levels of trust in the police.

But all this should be mere prelude to the most pertinent question: Are police forces with ethnic compositions similar to the areas they police more effective?

The answer? Possibly, but not because the skin colour of officers matters in itself.

In 2003 Brad Smith, a researcher from Wayne State University in Detroit, sifted through the data on racial diversity and police killings in cities in the US and concluded there was not much of a relationship between the two.

Other studies have drawn similar conclusions about police brutality and diversity, though as one study by Ivan Sun and Brian Payne from 2004 noted:

“Black officers are also more likely than white officers to conduct supportive activities in predominantly black neighbourhoods, whereas they do not differ in initiating supportive actions in racially diverse communities.”

Though diverse police forces are not necessarily more trusted than uniform police forces, greater understanding of a given ethnic group is likely to create the impression that the police are on their side.

Some American forces even require that police live within city limits, a rule which exemplifies the “policing by consent” mindset that May referenced above – though it should be noted such rules are enforced haphazardly even where they do exist.

To conclude then, whilst diversity within the force can ease a unit’s ability to establish trust with particular ethnic groups, hiring more black or other ethnic minorities is unlikely to yield this effect without more fundamental shifts in how police do their jobs.

It is easy, and a good piece of virtue-signalling, for May to call for more “diversity”. But if she was serious about improving police relations with ethnic minorities, she would be doing a lot more.

Image Credit – Edinburgh Police, April 1911 by Bruce R